Saturday, 31 December 2011

Browser Language

By Browser Language I do not mean the Browser User Interface Language. I am referring to the Browser Preferred Language for displaying Pages. I will use the acronym BL to mean Browser preferred Language for displaying pages.

An internationalised website will have pages in multiple languages. These pages can be displayed according to BL eg If BL is Korean then the website will send it's Korean pages to the browser.

With most browsers, the BL can be set in the preferences and can be set independent of the language settings of the OS. Some browsers do inherit their BL from the OS language setting.

This ability to change the BL has so much potential that few are aware of. Google are switched on to this potential. Google maps, if embedded correctly, will automatically adapt to BL. You can try it out for yourself. Visit lboro.ac.uk/about/findus.html and you will see a Google map of Loughborough. Now change the BL in your browser preferences and refresh. You will see menus displayed in the BL you chose. If you had chosen Japanese as your BL you would also see some place names transliterated into Japanese.

This ability for the user to change BL is a good thing, a very good thing. But... This function is buried down in the preferences. It is my experience that few people are aware that the BL can be changed and even less are aware of the possibilities this opens up.

My recommendation to all the browser manufacturers is that the BL preferences should be made manifest by bringing them up front. Put a BL graphic in a prominent position on the browser window so that it is always visible. This BL graphic will serve to inform the user of the current BL and allow the user to change the BL (eg a popup BL selection menu).

Such a BL graphic will:
  • Raise user awareness of BL and the ability to change BL
  • Encourage users to explore sites that adapt according to BL
  • Encourage web developers to incorporate content, widgets and features that are BL adaptive
Here is an illustrative story. About a year ago, a Chinese person told me he had a problem when viewing some Google maps. His problem was that the map info was displayed in Chinese but he wanted to see the info displayed in English. This problem occurred when he viewed these maps from his own computer and he could not work out how to view the info in English.

I explained to him that what he was experiencing was not a problem but rather a symptom of a very powerful feature. The feature being Google maps auto adapting to BL. His Computer had a Chinese OS and the browser he used had it's BL set to Chinese. I told him how to change his browser's BL and then, of course, he could view the Google map info in any of the many supported languages.

A manifest BL graphic would have made it obvious what was happening and would have enabled him to explore and appreciate Google maps BL adaption and BL adaptive websites in general.

Friday, 30 December 2011

Microblog Space (character) Saving

Take the following example two lines of text:
  • Fruit: apples, pears! Veg: cabbage, onions. Cars? Ford; Mini
  • Fruit:apples,pears!Veg:cabbage,onions.Cars?Ford;Mini
Line 1 has 60 characters and line 2 has 52 characters. I reduced the number of characters by using full-width punctuation characters. These full-width forms start at Unicode codepoint U+FF01. Using full-width forms I can dispense with the space character. So, for example, instead of colon + space I use full-width colon only. For microblog posts small space savings like this can be very useful.

I could, and sometimes do, use OSX Character Viewer to obtain these full-width punctuation characters. When I am microblogging in English I toggle to the Simplified Pinyin Input Method to write the full-width punctuation. This may sound complicated and time consuming but with a little practice it is easy and quick and does not disrupt the flow of writing. There is one exception character. When I type full stop whilst in the OSX Simplified Pinyin Input Method the ideographic full stop is produced rather than the full-width full stop. That is what I would expect and still saves me a space character. So, when I am microblogging I would write the example text, above, as:
  • Fruit:apples,pears!Veg:cabbage,onions。Cars?Ford;Mini
Sometimes I use my OSX Japanese Input Method for microblog punctuation. The one difference is that when typing comma the ideographic comma is produced. i.e.
  • Fruit:apples、pears!Veg:cabbage、onions。Cars?Ford;Mini
English is my primary language and, as such, my examples are in English. The same space saving technique can be used for any language/script that uses the standard ASCII punctuation e.g. Korean & Russian

My setup is OSX Lion with the standard Input Methods. I have setup a keyboard shortcut (Control + Space) to quickly toggle between a pair of languages. When microblogging my toggle pairs are English & Chinese or English & Japanese. Your setup may well be different to mine and you may well get different results to me. Whatever your setup, you will be able to use the Chinese or Japanese space saving punctuation characters.

Tuesday, 6 December 2011

ZARA Website

Interesting! And the sort of thing I would do. ZARA's website adapts the Social Media links displayed according to the Region. ZARA caters for multiple regions and for the majority displays a link to their Facebook facebook.com/Zara

There are some regions for which it displays a link to that region's Social Media:

China 中国: Zara's China landing page is zara.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/home/cn/zh/zara-I2011 and the displayed Social Media link is Sina Wēibó 新浪微博 weibo.com/zarachina

Russia Россия: Zara's Russia landing page is zara.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/home/ru/ru/zara-I2011 and the displayed Social Media link is Vkontakte ВКонтакте vk.com/zara

With their Japan landing page it appears that the intention is to link to a Zara twitter as indicated by the displayed text on zara.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/home/jp/ja/zara-jp-W2011 The link does not though resolve to a Zara Twitter or indeed any Twitter.

Wednesday, 9 November 2011

AI Website Adaptations

Work in Progress

AI in this case means Adaptive Internationalised.
  1. BL = Browser preferred display Language as set in browser preferences or inherited from the OS.
  2. BR = Browser Region
  3. BD = Browser Date
  4. BT = Browser Time
Adverts: In it's simplest and now quite commonplace form, adverts on websites will adapt according to BR. When browsing, I frequently see adverts localized to the midlands of England which is where I most usually browse. One can also incorporate BL by having different language versions of the advert. When adapting to both BR and BL then one can also culturally style the advert according to BR. Many adverts display for a fixed period of time. These adverts could be seasonal or for the duration of a campaign. Thus the adverts can also be adapted according to BD and maybe in the case of short term special offers, according to BT.

Background: Many websites have a fixed width area for webpage content. The area outside the content is the background I am referring to. This background can be used creatively from an AI perspective. The background could adapt to BR with, for example, iconic images of a region. The background for region China could, for instance, be a collage of images such as the Forbidden City, qípáo and Chinese Lanterns. The background could also adapt to BR + BD by incorporating festivals. A more contemporary approach would be to incorporate images of the latest fashions and memes. One such China Meme is: Dù Fǔ is busy 杜甫很忙. There is much creative scope to make the background interesting, eye catching and ever changing using  AI techniques.

Censorship: By this I mean self censorship according to BR. There are regions in which some content could, for example, be politically sensitive. An AI website can be self censoring and restrict or modify content for some regions.

Date Format: Regions can have different formats for dates and so date formatting would be according to BR. The following illustrative examples use the date 10th November 2011, as per the Gregorian Calendar:
  1. Japan ➠ 2011年11月10日
  2. Russia ➠ 10.11.2011
  3. UK ➠ 10/11/2011
  4. USA ➠ 11/10/11
Festivals: There are many festivals celebrated in different parts of the world. There are a small number of festivals, such as Christmas, which are celebrated in most parts of the world. Most festivals are regional. Festivals would be displayed according to BR and BD. The festival information displayed could be translated according to BL. If BL is not the native language of or predominant language in BR then one could reasonably assume that the person browsing may not be familiar with the festival, hence, one could provide additional information. This additional information could, for example, be an explanation of the history, customs and traditions of the festival
  1. Chinese Festivals/Holidays: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_festivals
  2. Japanese Festivals/Holidays: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_festivals
  3. Korean Festivals/Holidays: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Festivals_of_Korea & english.visitkorea.or.kr/festival/eng/korea_festival.html
Flags: Display of flags should be according to BR. I agree with flagsarenotlanguages.com/blog/ that flags should not be used to represent languages and so should not be according to BL. If you still want to use flags to represent language then one should consider that many countries can share a common official language. English, for example, is the official language of many countries. Invariably, I see the UK or American flag to represent English. The flag used to represent English could be according to BR eg when BR is Australia then use the Australian flag to represent English.

Forms: There are several considerations when implementing AI web forms. Text labels on forms could be written according to BL. When a form requires user input of a postal address then said address input format should be according to BR. In the UK postal addresses are ordered minor to major and in China, major to minor when written in Chinese en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Address.... Personal names are also a consideration for form design. In the UK, full names start with a Given name ad in China full names start with the Family name www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-personal-names. If a form requests a web address then it should be able to correctly and natively handle IDNs schappo.blogspot.com/2011/08/chinese-companies-5.html

Maps: Embedded Google maps, if set up correctly, will auto adapt according to BL. If your embedded code contains hl=xx where xx is a language tag then simply remove and the map will then auto adapt to BL. Google maps will display menus and information according to BL. When BL is Japanese, Korean or Russian it will display the transliterated/translated place/street names. Most Impressive. By way of example, here are Google maps of Loughboroughラフバラ러프버러 and Лафборо. When BL is Chinese (language tag zh-CN) place names are displayed in Chinese but not street names: 拉夫堡. The map service used could, where appropriate, be regional and hence according to BR. A Japanese map service is goo  eg  link.maps.goo.ne.jp/map.php?MAP=E139.46.23.658N35.40.31.302&ZM=2 Daum is a Korean map service eg local.daum.net/map/index.jsp?map_type=TYPE_MAP.... Russia's Yandex has a map service eg maps.yandex.ru/?ll=-... In a previous  article I described three Chinese map services schappo.blogspot.com/2011/03/baidu-3d-maps.html

News: News would be according to BR. There is the consideration of the region scope of news displayed. One could display National or City/Town news. Alternatively one could simultaneously have an International news section, a National news section and a  (nearest) City/Town news section. Furthermore one could adapt the news items to BL by having these news items translated according to BL. News items are inherently subject to BD and BT.

Star Ratings: Star ratings are a common method for indicating quality. Usually there are between 0 and 5 stars awarded, with 5 stars being the best. One could replace the star symbol with a BR relevant symbol. In the case of England, the symbol used in place of the star could, for instance, be an image of Big Ben.

Twitter: Using the twitter Search Widget one can embed a live twitter feed in which the tweets displayed will be determined by search keyword(s) twitter.com/about/resources/widgets/widget_search. These keywords can be dynamically changed to produce a live AI twitter feed. Lets take the single search keyword chocolate. When BL is English set the keyword to chocolate. When BL is Japanese set the keyword to チョコレート.  In this case the twitter feed is being adapted to BL, hence different tweets will be displayed. Other combinations could, for example, include:
  1. When BL = Japanese & BR = Loughborough, then set keyword to ラフバラ
  2. When BL = English & BR = Loughborough & BD = 9th November ⇰ 12th November 2011, then set keywords to street fair
  3. When BL = Japanese & BD = 1st December ⇰ 25th December, then set keyword to クリスマス
URL: A URL path can be rewritten according to BL. Given a URL of the form:
  • http://domain-name/learn/webfonts/unicode6.html
This could be rewritten into Japanese as:
  • http://domain-name/習う/ウェブフォント/ユニコード6.html
With Unix it is relatively straight forward to set up a set of directory/file names in different languages that all resolve to a master directory/file using the ln command. The syntax for one of the forms of this command is:
  • ln [options] target link-name
So, given the directory webfonts, one can create a japanese named symbolic link to it with the ln command:
  • ln -s webfonts ウェブフォント
Here is a working URL with the path rewritten in Korean. As I am not administrator for the server I am restricted to what I can rewrite. I have rewritten as much of the path as I can as a standard user.
Given that one registers a set of IDNs in different languages/scripts for the website then one can also rewrite the domain name part of the URL according to BL.

Wednesday, 28 September 2011

Loughborough in Munich


The following photo was taken in Munich, Germany. The person featured in the photos is Adam-Lucas Pettit. He is wearing one of the internationalized Loughborough Market T-shirts. The text printed on the T-shirt is 拉夫堡市 which is Chinese for Loughborough Market.

A very big thank you to Adam-Lucas Pettit for having this photo taken whilst in Munich and for giving me permission to put it on my blog.

My nickname for Adam-Lucas Pettit is Adam Action as he used to be Chair of the Action Group at  Loughborough 拉夫堡 Students Union


Saturday, 17 September 2011

Loughborough in Nanjing

The following photos were taken in Nánjīng 南京, China. The person featured in the photos is 朱莹 (Zhū Yíng). She is wearing one of the internationalized Loughborough Market T-shirts. The text printed on the T-shirt is 拉夫堡市场 which is Chinese for Loughborough Market.

A very big thank you to 朱莹 for having these photos taken whilst in Nánjīng and for giving me permission to put them on my blog.




Tuesday, 30 August 2011

Companies on Sina

The purpose of this article is to list some of the Western Companies/Brands that are using China's Sina Wēibó 新浪微博. Those marked with a ☆ are using the Enterprise version 企业版 which allows open access to all postings. The text in the square brackets is the 新浪微博 name.

Note: There are problems connecting if you click on the links below. I believe this is to do with the http referer header. Until Sina resolve this problem you can visit this article's mirror at blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6fab54120100wohn.html where the links work fine. Alternatively, copy a URL from the list below and paste into the address bar of your browser.
  1. 3M [@3M中国] weibo.com/3minnovation
  2. 7●Up [@7喜官方微博] weibo.com/2137888361
  3. ABB [@ABB中国] weibo.com/abbchina
  4. Absolut Vodka [@绝对伏特加中国] weibo.com/absolutvodkachina
  5. Acqua di Parma [@Acqua_di_Parma] weibo.com/1874337865
  6. Adidas Originals [@adidasOriginals] weibo.com/adidasoriginals
  7. agnès b. [@agnesb雅昵斯比] weibo.com/agnesbfrance
  8. Air France [@法国航空AirFrance] weibo.com/airfrancechina
  9. Air Wick [@安悦嘉官方微博] weibo.com/airwick
  10. Airbus [@空中客车] weibo.com/airbusweibo
  11. Amazon [@亚马逊中国] weibo.com/amazonchina
  12. American Airlines [@AmericanAirlines] weibo.com/americanairlines
  13. American Apparel [@AmericanApparel] weibo.com/americanapparel
  14. Anna Sui Cosmetics [@ANNASUI安娜苏] weibo.com/annasuicosmetics
  15. Aquascutum [@Aquascutum雅格狮丹] weibo.com/2253981542
  16. Ariel [@碧浪] weibo.com/arielchina
  17. Audi [@奥迪车友会] weibo.com/chinaaudi
  18. B&Q [@百安居] weibo.com/bnqch
  19. Bacardi [@Bacardi百加得] weibo.com/bacardichina
  20. Baileys [@百利Baileys] weibo.com/baileyschina
  21. Ballantine's [@百龄坛真时刻] weibo.com/bailingtanzhenshike
  22. Bally [@BALLY中国] weibo.com/bally1851
  23. Benefit San Francisco [@benefit贝玲妃的微博] weibo.com/benefit
  24. Benetton [@贝纳通中国] weibo.com/benettonchina
  25. Bentley [@宾利世界] weibo.com/worldofbentley
  26. Bershka [@Bershka中国] weibo.com/bershkaofficial
  27. Beyerdynamic [@拜亚动力] weibo.com/beyer
  28. Biotherm [@碧欧泉Biotherm] weibo.com/biotherm
  29. Blackberry [@黑莓] weibo.com/blackberry
  30. BMC Software [@BMC软件] weibo.com/bmcchina
  31. BMW [@宝马中国] weibo.com/bmwchina
  32. Boeing [@波音] weibo.com/boeingchina
  33. Bottega Veneta [@BottegaVeneta-宝缇嘉] weibo.com/bvchina
  34. Bourjois [@BOURJOIS妙巴黎微博] weibo.com/bourjoisparis
  35. Braun [@Braun男士] weibo.com/braun
  36. Budweiser Beer [@百威啤酒] weibo.com/budweiser
  37. Buick [@别克] weibo.com/sgmbuick
  38. Burberry [@Burberry] weibo.com/burberry
  39. Burger King [@汉堡王中国] weibo.com/burgerkingchina
  40. Burger King, Běijīng [@汉堡王--北京] weibo.com/burgerkingbeijing
  41. Burger King, Shēnzhèn [@汉堡王深圳] weibo.com/bksz
  42. Burson-Marsteller [@博雅公关中国] weibo.com/bmchina
  43. C&A [@CA西雅衣家] weibo.com/candachina
  44. Cadillac [@凯迪拉克] weibo.com/sgmcadillac
  45. Calvin Klein [@CalvinKlein] weibo.com/calvinklein
  46. Camay [@卡玫尔Camay] weibo.com/camaychina
  47. Campbell's [@Campbells金宝汤] weibo.com/2294722300
  48. Carlsberg [@嘉士伯] weibo.com/carlsberg
  49. Carrefour [@家乐福中国] weibo.com/crfchina
  50. Cartier [@卡地亚] weibo.com/cartierchina
  51. Castrol Edge [@嘉实多极护] weibo.com/castroledge
  52. Castrol Magnatec [@嘉实多磁护] weibo.com/castrolmagnatec
  53. Caudalíe [@欧缇丽Caudalie] weibo.com/caudalieparis
  54. Chanel [@香奈儿CHANEL官方微博] weibo.com/chanel
  55. Chaumet Paris [@尚美巴黎CHAUMET] weibo.com/chaumetparis
  56. Chevrolet [@雪佛兰] weibo.com/sgmchevrolet
  57. Chic Outlet Shopping [@欧洲九大精品购物村] weibo.com/chicoutletshopping
  58. Cisco [@思科无边界网络] weibo.com/ciscobn
  59. Clairol [@伊卡璐草本精华] weibo.com/clairolhes
  60. Clarins [@法国娇韵诗] http://weibo.com/clarins
  61. Clear [@Clear清扬] weibo.com/clear2011
  62. Clinique [@Clinique倩碧] weibo.com/cliniqueu
  63. Club Med [@ClubMed] weibo.com/clubmed
  64. Coach [@Coach蔻驰] weibo.com/coachchina
  65. Coca-Cola [@可口可乐] weibo.com/cokechina
  66. Cointreau [@君度橙酒] weibo.com/cointreauchina
  67. Comfort [@金纺] weibo.com/comfortunilever
  68. Converse [@CONVERSE中国] weibo.com/chinaconverse
  69. Coors Light [@冻感银子弹] weibo.com/coorslightchina
  70. Cornetto [@可爱多] weibo.com/cornettocone
  71. Cosmopolitan [@时尚COSMOPOLITAN] weibo.com/cosmopolitan
  72. Costa [@COSTACOFFEE中国] weibo.com/costaeast
  73. Crest [@佳洁士Crest] weibo.com/icrest
  74. Crocs [@CROCS_卡骆驰] weibo.com/crocs001
  75. Dairy Queen [@DQ冰雪皇后] weibo.com/dairyqueensd
  76. De Beers Jewellery [@DeBeers_戴比尔斯珠宝] weibo.com/debeersjewellery
  77. Dettol [@滴露官方微博] weibo.com/dettolchina
  78. Dewar's [@帝王威士忌值得就去做] weibo.com/dewarsworthdoing
  79. Diageo [@帝亚吉欧中国] weibo.com/diageo
  80. Dickies [@DICKIES1922] weibo.com/dickies
  81. Dior [@Dior迪奥] weibo.com/dior
  82. Disney Pictures [@迪士尼电影] weibo.com/disneymovie
  83. DJ Mag [@DJMag] weibo.com/djmag
  84. Dolby [@杜比Dolby] weibo.com/dolbychina
  85. Dolce & Gabbana [@DolceGabbana] weibo.com/dolcegabbanaofficial
  86. Dove [@多芬-让美更美丽] weibo.com/dovebeauty
  87. Dove Chocolate [@德芙悦时刻] weibo.com/chocolatedove
  88. Dunhill London [@阿尔弗雷德登喜路] weibo.com/dunhilllondon
  89. Dunkin' Donuts [@唐恩都乐官方微博] weibo.com/dunkindonuts
  90. Durex [@杜蕾斯官方微博] weibo.com/durexinchina
  91. DVF [@DVF中国官方微博] weibo.com/dvfny
  92. Eau Thermale Avène [@雅漾] weibo.com/eauthermaleavene
  93. EF [@EF英孚教育] weibo.com/educationfirst
  94. Electrolux [@伊莱克斯百年电器专家] weibo.com/electroluxchina
  95. ELLE [@ELLE] weibo.com/ellechina
  96. Ericsson [@爱立信] weibo.com/ericssonweibo
  97. Ermenegildo Zegna [@Zegna杰尼亚官方微博] weibo.com/zegnaofficial
  98. Esquire [@时尚先生Esquire] weibo.com/esquire
  99. Estée Lauder [@雅诗兰黛] weibo.com/esteelauder
  100. Evian [@evian依云中国] weibo.com/evianchina
  101. Fanta [@芬达Fanta] weibo.com/fantaplaycrew
  102. FedEx [@联邦快递中国] weibo.com/fedexcn
  103. Ferrari [@法拉利中国] weibo.com/ferrari
  104. Ferrero Rocher [@费列罗Rocher] weibo.com/ferrerotiamo
  105. Fiat [@菲亚特中国] weibo.com/fiatgroupchina
  106. Folli Follie [@Folli_Follie] weibo.com/follifolliechina
  107. Ford [@福特中国] weibo.com/fordchina
  108. Forever 21 [@Forever21中国] weibo.com/forever21china
  109. Gap [@Gap1969] weibo.com/gap1969
  110. Garnier [@卡尼尔Garnier] weibo.com/garnier
  111. Gatorade [@佳得乐Gatorade] weibo.com/southgatorade
  112. General Electric 通用电气 [@GE中国] weibo.com/geinchina
  113. General Motors [@通用汽车中国] weibo.com/gmchina
  114. Georg Jensen [@GeorgJensen乔治杰生] weibo.com/georgjensen
  115. Gillette [@吉列Gillette] weibo.com/gillette
  116. Giorgio Armani [@阿玛尼] weibo.com/giorgioarmanibeauty
  117. Givenchy [@Givenchy紀梵希] weibo.com/officialgivenchy
  118. Glacéau [@酷乐仕带你去纽约] weibo.com/glaceau
  119. GODIVA Chocolatier [@GODIVA歌帝梵] weibo.com/lovegodiva
  120. Goodyear [@固特异goodyear] weibo.com/goodyear2010
  121. GQ [@智族GQ] weibo.com/gqcomcn
  122. Grazia [@红秀GRAZIA] weibo.com/graziachina
  123. Gucci [@GUCCI] weibo.com/gucci
  124. Guerlain [@Guerlain法国娇兰] weibo.com/guerlainchina
  125. Guess [@GUESS中国] weibo.com/chinaguess
  126. Guinness [@健力士黑啤] weibo.com/guinnessbeer
  127. Guinness World Records [@吉尼斯世界纪录] weibo.com/gwrchina
  128. H&M [@HM中国] weibo.com/hm
  129. Häagen-Dazs [@哈根达斯Haagen-Dazs] weibo.com/haagendazschina
  130. Harley-Davidson [@哈雷戴维森_中国] weibo.com/harleydavidsonchina
  131. Harman [@Harman-China] weibo.com/harmanchina
  132. Harper's Bazaar [@时尚芭莎] weibo.com/bazaarchina
  133. Harrods [@英国伦敦Harrods] weibo.com/harrodslondon
  134. Hay Group [@HayGroup合益集团] weibo.com/haygroupchina
  135. Hazeline [@夏士莲洗发露] weibo.com/hazeline2011
  136. Heineken [@喜力啤酒官方] weibo.com/heinekenbeer
  137. Heinz [@亨氏Heinz] weibo.com/heinzchina
  138. Helena Rubinstein [@HR赫莲娜] weibo.com/helenarubinstein1902
  139. Hogan [@Hogan中国] weibo.com/hoganinchina
  140. Holiday Inn [@假日酒店HolidayInn] weibo.com/holidayinnihg
  141. Holiday Inn Qīngdǎo City Centre [@青岛中心假日酒店] weibo.com/holidayinnqdcc
  142. Holiday Inn Shēnzhèn [@深圳东华假日酒店] weibo.com/holidayinnshenzhen
  143. Holiday Inn Zhūhǎi [@珠海粤财假日酒店] weibo.com/holidayinnzhuhai
  144. HP [@中国惠普] weibo.com/hpchina
  145. Huggies [@好奇官方微博] weibo.com/huggiesclub
  146. Hugo Boss [@雨果博斯HUGOBOSS] weibo.com/hugobossofficial
  147. IKEA [@宜家家居IKEA] weibo.com/ikea
  148. Intel [@英特尔中国天天事] weibo.com/intel
  149. IZOD [@IZODCHINA] weibo.com/1938141652
  150. Jack & Jones [@杰克琼斯中国官方微博] weibo.com/jackjoneschina
  151. Jack Wills [@JackWills] weibo.com/jackwills
  152. Jaguar [@捷豹中国Jaguar] weibo.com/jaguarcn
  153. Jeep [@Jeep中国站] weibo.com/jeephome
  154. Jeff Banks, London [@JEFFBANKS_official] weibo.com/jeffbanks
  155. John Deere [@约翰迪尔JohnDeere] weibo.com/johndeere
  156. John Smedley [@JOHNSMEDLEY] weibo.com/johnsmedley
  157. Johnnie Walker [@尊尼获加威士忌俱乐部] weibo.com/johnniewalkerchina
  158. Johnnie Walker Blue Label [@尊尼获加蓝牌苏格兰威士忌] weibo.com/jwbluelabel
  159. Kappa [@Kappa] weibo.com/kappa
  160. Kérastase [@巴黎卡诗KERASTASE] weibo.com/kerastase
  161. KFC [@肯德基] weibo.com/kfcchina
  162. Kiehl's [@Kiehls家的骨头先生] weibo.com/kiehlschina
  163. Kipling [@KIPLING_凯普林] weibo.com/kiplingchina
  164. Kjeldsens Cookies [@丹麦蓝罐曲奇官方微博] weibo.com/kjeldsenscookie
  165. KLM [@荷兰皇家航空公司KLM] weibo.com/klmchina
  166. Kodak [@柯达中国] weibo.com/kodakcn
  167. Kodak Motion Picture Film [@柯达电影胶片] weibo.com/eikodak
  168. Kohler [@最科勒醉生活] weibo.com/kohlernumi
  169. KPMG [@毕马威中国-KPMG] weibo.com/kpmgchina
  170. Krispy Kreme [@卡卡圈坊中国] weibo.com/krispykremeprc
  171. Kühne [@德国冠利美食] weibo.com/kuehnchina
  172. La Mer [@LAMER海蓝之谜] weibo.com/lamerchina
  173. la prairie [@LaPrairie莱珀妮] weibo.com/laprairie
  174. La Roche-Posay [@理肤泉larocheposay] weibo.com/larocheposay2011
  175. Lacoste [@Lacoste] weibo.com/lacosteclub
  176. Lamborghini [@兰博基尼] weibo.com/lamborghinichina
  177. Lancel [@Lancel] weibo.com/lamaisonlancel
  178. Lancôme [@兰蔻官方微博] weibo.com/lancome
  179. Lee [@Lee牛仔部落] weibo.com/leejeans
  180. Lego [@乐高中国] weibo.com/legochina
  181. Lékué [@西班牙Lekue] weibo.com/lekue
  182. LeSportsac [@LeSportsac] weibo.com/lesportsacchina
  183. Lipton [@立顿茶] weibo.com/ilipton
  184. Liverpool Football Club [@利物浦足球俱乐部] weibo.com/liverpoolfc
  185. LN-CC [@LN-CC_LONDON] weibo.com/thelncc
  186. L'Oréal [@欧莱雅中国] weibo.com/loreal
  187. Longchamp [@瓏驤Longchamp] weibo.com/longchamp
  188. Longines [@浪琴表] weibo.com/longineschina
  189. Louis Vuitton [@路易威登] weibo.com/louisvuitton
  190. Lufthansa [@汉莎航空] weibo.com/lufthansa
  191. LUSH [@露诗Lush] weibo.com/lushforever
  192. Lux [@LUX力士闪耀秀发] weibo.com/luxstyle
  193. Lynx [@凌仕效应] weibo.com/thelynxeffect
  194. M&M's - Red [@红豆-Red] weibo.com/chocolatemms
  195. M&M's - Yellow [@黄豆-Yellow] weibo.com/huangdou521
  196. Madame Tussauds [@上海杜莎夫人蜡像馆] weibo.com/mtsh
  197. Magnum [@梦龙Magnum] weibo.com/mymagnum
  198. Marie Claire [@嘉人] weibo.com/chinamarieclaire
  199. Marks & Spencer [@马莎中国] weibo.com/marksandspencer
  200. Martini [@Martini马天尼] weibo.com/martinichina
  201. Mary Kay [@玫琳凯美丽到家] weibo.com/marykaychina
  202. Maserati [@玛莎拉蒂_Maserati] weibo.com/maseratiworld
  203. Massimo Dutti [@MassimoDutti中国] weibo.com/massimodutti
  204. Max Factor [@MaxFactor蜜丝佛陀] weibo.com/mfchina
  205. Maybelline [@美宝莲] weibo.com/maybelline09
  206. McDonalds [@麦当劳] weibo.com/mcdonaldsworlds
  207. Mercedes-Benz [@奔驰中国] weibo.com/mymb
  208. Mido [@美度手表] weibo.com/midowatch
  209. Mini [@MINI中国] weibo.com/minichina
  210. Minute Maid [@美汁源橙客团] weibo.com/minutemaidpulpy
  211. Minute Maid Dairy [@美汁源果粒奶优] weibo.com/meizhiyuan
  212. Moët & Chandon [@MOET香槟] weibo.com/moetxiangbin
  213. Moleskine [@Moleskine] weibo.com/moleskine
  214. Monin [@MONIN莫林] weibo.com/monincn
  215. Montagne Jeunesse [@英国MJ面膜] weibo.com/mjmask
  216. Montblanc [@MONTBLANC万宝龙] weibo.com/montblancchina
  217. Morgan Motor Company [@摩根汽车有限公司] weibo.com/morgancars
  218. Moschino [@MOSCHINO莫斯奇诺] weibo.com/moschinofficial
  219. Mr Muscle [@庄臣-威猛先生] weibo.com/scjohnson
  220. National Geographic [@美国国家地理] weibo.com/geochannel
  221. Nautica [@NAUTICA官方微博] weibo.com/nautica1983
  222. Nescafé [@雀巢咖啡中国] weibo.com/nescafechina
  223. Neutrogena [@露得清官方微博] weibo.com/neutrogena
  224. Nivea [@NIVEA妮维雅官方] weibo.com/niveacn
  225. Nokia [@诺基亚] weibo.com/nokia
  226. Nomination [@Nomination] weibo.com/nomination
  227. Oakley [@Oakley] weibo.com/oakleychina
  228. Oasis [@OASIS奥时裳] weibo.com/oasisuk
  229. Ogilvy & Mather [@奥美中国] weibo.com/ogilvy
  230. Olay [@OLAY] weibo.com/olay
  231. Omo [@奥妙] weibo.com/omochina
  232. Only [@ONLY中国官方微博] weibo.com/onlycn
  233. Oral-B [@欧乐B] weibo.com/oralb
  234. Oriflame [@欧瑞莲Oriflame] weibo.com/oriflamechina
  235. Origins [@悦木之源] weibo.com/origins
  236. Orlane [@法国幽兰ORLANE] weibo.com/orlanechina
  237. OVS industry [@OVS中国] weibo.com/ovschina
  238. Oysho [@Oysho] weibo.com/oyshochina
  239. Pampers [@帮宝适] weibo.com/pampers
  240. Pantene [@潘婷CLINICARE] weibo.com/panteneclinicare
  241. Pepsi-Cola [@百事可乐官方微博] weibo.com/1770691990
  242. PerkinElmer [@PerkinElmer中国] weibo.com/pkicn
  243. Perrier [@Perrier中国] weibo.com/perrierchina
  244. Peugeot [@标致中国] weibo.com/peugeotchina
  245. Pilgrim [@PILGRIM官方微博] weibo.com/pilgrimchina
  246. Pond's [@旁氏Ponds] weibo.com/pondszun
  247. Pringles [@品客大叔Pringles] weibo.com/mrpringles
  248. Procter & Gamble [@宝洁中国] weibo.com/proctergamble
  249. PUMA [@PUMA彪马] weibo.com/pumablog
  250. Quaker Oats [@桂格燕麦] weibo.com/quaker
  251. Qualcomm [@Qualcomm中国] weibo.com/qualcommchina
  252. Rado [@RADO瑞士雷达表] weibo.com/radochina
  253. Range Rover Evoque [@路虎揽胜极光] weibo.com/rangeroverevoque
  254. Ray-Ban [@Ray-Ban雷朋] weibo.com/raybanchina
  255. Reebok [@锐步Reebok] weibo.com/reebokchina
  256. Rémy Martin [@人头马1898] weibo.com/remymartin1898
  257. Renault [@雷诺中国] weibo.com/renaultchina
  258. Reuters [@路透中文网Reuters] weibo.com/reuters
  259. Revlon [@露华浓中国] http://weibo.com/revlonchina
  260. Rexona [@舒耐Rexona] weibo.com/rexona2011
  261. Rimmel [@芮谜Rimmel] weibo.com/rimmelchina
  262. Roxy [@ROXY中国] weibo.com/roxycn
  263. Royal Canin [@皇家宠物食品官方微博] weibo.com/chinaroyalcanin
  264. Safeguard [@舒肤佳Safeguard] weibo.com/safeguardchina
  265. Salvatore Ferragamo [@SalvatoreFerragamo] weibo.com/ferragamochina
  266. Sam's Club [@山姆会员商店] weibo.com/samsclubchina
  267. Saatchi & Saatchi [@盛世长城中国] weibo.com/saatchichina
  268. Scholl [@爽健官方微博] weibo.com/schollchina
  269. Schwarzkopf [@施华蔻官方微博] weibo.com/schwarzkopfretail
  270. Seat [@西雅特汽车] weibo.com/seatchina
  271. Sennheiser [@Sennheiser声海] weibo.com/sennheiserchina
  272. Sephora [@丝芙兰SEPHORA] weibo.com/sephorachina
  273. Shure [@Shure舒尔] weibo.com/shurechina
  274. Siemens [@西门子] weibo.com/siemens
  275. Siemens Home Appliances [@西门子家电] weibo.com/siemenshome
  276. Sisley Paris [@法国希思黎] weibo.com/sisleychina
  277. Skittles [@Skittles彩虹糖] weibo.com/skittlesfun
  278. Smirnoff [@Smirnoff斯米诺伏特加] weibo.com/smirnoffchina
  279. Snickers [@士力架酷玩儿] weibo.com/myurbania
  280. Sotheby's [@蘇富比拍卖行] weibo.com/sothebyshongkong
  281. Sprite [@雪碧炫灵感] weibo.com/spritespark
  282. Stanley Black & Decker [@史丹利百得官方微博] weibo.com/stanleyblackdecker
  283. Staples [@史泰博中国] weibo.com/staplescn
  284. Starbucks [@星巴克中国] weibo.com/starbucks
  285. Stella Artois [@StellaArtois时代啤酒] weibo.com/stellaartoischina
  286. Stradivarius [@Stradivarius] weibo.com/stradivarius
  287. Subway Shēnzhèn [@SUBWAY深圳赛百味] weibo.com/szsubway
  288. Subway Zhèjiāng [@SUBWAY浙江赛百味] weibo.com/subwayzhejiang
  289. Swanson [@史云生官方微博] weibo.com/swanson
  290. Swarovski [@SWAROVSKI施华洛世奇] weibo.com/swarovskicom
  291. Swatch [@SWATCH斯沃琪] weibo.com/swatch
  292. Tektronix [@泰克科技] weibo.com/tekchina
  293. Texas Instruments [@德州仪器] weibo.com/tisemi
  294. The North Face [@TheNorthFace] weibo.com/thenorthface
  295. Thermos [@膳魔师THERMOS] weibo.com/thermoslife
  296. Tide [@汰渍Tide] weibo.com/tidechina
  297. Tiffany & Co. [@TiffanyAndCo蒂芙尼] weibo.com/tiffanyandco
  298. Timberland [@TimberlandChina] weibo.com/timberlandchina
  299. TimeOut Běijīng [@TimeOut北京] http://weibo.com/timeoutbj
  300. TimeOut Hong Kong [@TimeOut香港] weibo.com/Timeouthk
  301. TimeOut Shànghǎi [@TimeOut上海] weibo.com/timeoutsh
  302. Tissot [@天梭中国] weibo.com/tissot1853
  303. Titan [@TITAN中国] weibo.com/titanchina
  304. TNT [@TNT中国] weibo.com/tntexpresschina
  305. TOD'S [@TODS] weibo.com/todsgroup
  306. Tory Burch [@ToryBurch官方微博] weibo.com/toryburch
  307. Trek [@崔克中国] weibo.com/trekchina
  308. Twinings [@Twinings川宁茶微博] weibo.com/twinings
  309. Umbro [@UMBRO中国] weibo.com/umbrochina
  310. Unilever [@有家就有联合利华] weibo.com/unilevercn
  311. UPS [@UPS中国] weibo.com/upschina
  312. Vans [@Vanschina] weibo.com/vanschina
  313. Veet [@薇婷官方微博] weibo.com/veet
  314. Vero Moda [@VEROMODA中国官方微博] weibo.com/veromodachina
  315. Versace [@Versace] weibo.com/versacechina
  316. Vidal Sassoon [@沙宣VidalSassoon] weibo.com/vidalsassoon
  317. Virgin Atlantic [@维珍航空中国] weibo.com/virginair
  318. Vogue [@Vogue服饰与美容] weibo.com/voguechina
  319. Volvo Cars [@沃尔沃汽车VolvoCars] weibo.com/volvocarschina
  320. Weight Watchers [@慧俪轻体] weibo.com/weightwatchers
  321. Wella [@Wella威娜专业美发] weibo.com/wellaprofessionals
  322. Windsor Whiskey [@温莎WINDSOR威士忌] weibo.com/windsorwhisky
  323. Wrangler [@Wrangler美国牛仔旗帜] weibo.com/wranglerchina
  324. Wrigley's Chew Bar [@嚼吧] weibo.com/chewbar
  325. Wrigley's Doublemint [@绿箭铁盒] weibo.com/tincan2010
  326. Zara [@ZARA_CN] weibo.com/zarachina
  327. Zippo [@Zippo中国] weibo.com/zippocn

Saturday, 20 August 2011

Chinese Companies 5

Following on from my previous posts Chinese Companies, Chinese Companies 2, Chinese Companies 3 and Chinese Companies 4 I will now try for another 100+ Chinese IDNs. As usual there are some types of IDNs I do not list in my blog and these types are:
  • Any IDN that redirects to an ASCII Domain Name
  • Any IDN that is implemented as a Frame Redirect
  • Any IDN that requires the www prefix as I want IDNs that are completely Chinese
These restrictions I impose means that the IDNs I do list are fully integrated into the IDN's website.
  1. Běijīng Beglary Lighting Equipment Installation Engineering 北京倍佳伲照明设备安装工程有限公司 倍佳妮.中国
  2. Běijīng Donview Digital Technology 北京东方中原数码科技有限公司 东方中原.中国
  3. Běijīng Hànlín Shèngshì Media Investment 北京翰林胜士传媒投资有限公司 翰林胜士.中国
  4. Běijīng Huachen Auctions 北京华辰拍卖有限公司 华辰拍卖.中国
  5. Běijīng Zhōngxīng Think Tank International Culture Communication 北京中兴智库国际文化传媒有限公司 中兴智库.中国
  6. Chángzhōu Hu-Lift Hoist Machinery 江苏省常州市沪力起重机械有限公司 沪力起重.中国
  7. Chéngdū Natural Impression of Wood 成都自然印象木业有限公司 成都自然印象木业有限公司.中国
  8. Dàzhèng Silo Engineering 安阳市大正钢板仓有限责任公司 钢板库.中国
  9. Dōngguǎn Fùměikāng Electrical Technology 东莞富美康电器科技有限公司 富美康.中国
  10. Dotop Medical Equipment Group 东唐医疗集团 东唐医疗.中国
  11. Eastdawn Corporation 北京东方道迩信息技术股份有限公司 东方道迩.中国
  12. Guǎngzhōu Sinovico International Corridor Agency 广州欧亚走廊国际货运代理有限公司 中亚陆桥.中国 + 欧亚走廊.中国
  13. HiChina Zhìchéng Technology 北京万网志成科技有限公司 创联在线.中国 + 创联公司.中国 + 北京创联.中国 + 接入服务.中国 + 交换中心.中国 + 网站寄存.中国 + 网上营销.中国 + 网络推广.中国 + 文件.中国 + 上网联盟.中国 + 虚拟主机提供商.中国 + 您好中国.中国 + 内容策划.中国 + 企业上网联盟.中国 + 你好中国.中国 + 拨号上网.中国 + 国际域名.中国 + 国际域名注册.中国 ++ 創聯在線.中國 + 創聯公司.中國 + 北京創聯.中國 + 接入服務.中國 + 交換中心.中國 + 網站寄存.中國 + 網上營銷.中國 + 網絡推廣.中國 + 文件.中國 + 上網聯盟.中國 + 虛擬主機提供商.中國 + 您好中國.中國 + 內容策劃.中國 + 企業上網聯盟.中國 + 你好中國.中國 + 撥號上網.中國 + 國際域名.中國
  14. Landbond Group 广东联邦家私集团有限公司 联邦家私.中国
  15. Memories Fargo Overall Household 成都市金牛区鑫大亚厨卫经营部 忆法格整体家居.中国
  16. Old Herbalist Doctor 广东老中医保健食品有限公司 老中医养生.中国
  17. WANVE 广东万维博通信息技术有限公司 万维博通.中国
  18. Zhōnglín International Group 中林国际集团 中林国际集团.中国

Wednesday, 10 August 2011

Loughborough in Dubai

The following photos were taken in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Featured in the photos is an internationalized Loughborough Market T-shirt. The text printed on the T-shirt is 拉夫堡市场 which is Chinese for Loughborough Market.

A very big thank you to 刘家杰 for having these photos taken whilst on stopover in Dubai and for giving me permission to put them on my blog

① The Dubai Mall en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubai_Mall & www.thedubaimall.com


② Khalifa Tower - Burj Khalifa - ‎برج خليفة‎ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burj_Khalifa & www.burjkhalifa.ae


Monday, 8 August 2011

Sri Lanka

I notice that there are now a reasonable number of live idns using the Sri Lankan idn ccTLDs. Sri Lanka has ccTLDs in the Sinhala script (.ලංකා) and the Tamil script (.இலங்கை). The following is a random selection of some of the Sri Lankan ccTLD IDNs.
  1. Department of Agriculture
  2. Lake House: Associated Newspapers of Ceylon
  3. Millennium Information Technologies
  4. Parliament of Sri Lanka
If the Sinhala and/or Tamil does not display correctly in your browser then it is highly likely that you do not have a Sinhala and/or Tamil font installed on your computer. The GNU FreeFont project has a free family of fonts that includes Sinhala and Tamil. You can download this free font family from www.ctan.org/tex-archive/fonts/gnu-freefont

Wednesday, 3 August 2011

British Universities on Sina

There are now quite a number of British Universities using China's Sina Wēibó 新浪微博. I applaud their enterprise and initiative.
  1. Abertay University [@阿伯泰大学] weibo.com/abertayuni
  2. Aberystwyth University [@亚伯大学] weibo.com/aberystwyth
  3. Arts University Bournemouth [@伯恩茅斯艺术大学] weibo.com/aucb
  4. Aston University [@阿斯顿大学Official] weibo.com/universityaston
  5. Aston University Business School [@英国阿斯顿大学商学院] weibo.com/astonbusinessschool
  6. Bangor University [@班戈大学Bangor] weibo.com/bangor1884
  7. Bath Spa University [@英国巴斯斯巴大学] weibo.com/BathSpaUni
  8. Birmingham City University 伯明翰城市大学 weibo.com/bcuchina
  9. Cardiff University [@Cardiff-University] weibo.com/cardiffuni
  10. City University London [@CityUniversityLondon] weibo.com/cityuniversitylondon
  11. Coventry University 考文垂大学 weibo.com/coventryuniversity
  12. Cranfield University [@英国克兰菲尔德大学] weibo.com/cranfielduni
  13. De Montfort University [@德蒙福特大学] weibo.com/dmuchina
  14. Durham University [@杜伦大学Durham_University] weibo.com/durhamuni
  15. Edinburgh Napier University [@英国爱丁堡龙比亚大学] weibo.com/edinburghnapier
  16. Glasgow Caledonian University [@格拉斯哥卡利多尼亚大学] weibo.com/caledonian
  17. Imperial College London [@帝国理工学院官微] weibo.com/ImperialUK
  18. Keele University [@英国基尔大学微博] weibo.com/keeleuni
  19. King's College London [@伦敦国王学院时事] weibo.com/kingsevents
  20. Kingston University London 金斯顿大学 weibo.com/kingstonlondon
  21. Lancaster University 兰卡斯特大学 weibo.com/lancasteruni
  22. Leeds Metropolitan University 利兹都会大学 weibo.com/leedsmetropolitan
  23. London Metropolitan University 伦敦城市大学 weibo.com/londonmet
  24. London South Bank University [@伦敦南岸大学] weibo.com/lsbubj
  25. Middlesex University [@英国国立密德萨斯大学] weibo.com/middlesexuniversity
  26. Northumbria University 诺森比亚大学 weibo.com/unnchina
  27. Nottingham Trent University [@英国诺丁汉特伦特大学] weibo.com/ntuinternational
  28. Queen Mary, University of London [@伦敦大学-玛丽女王学院] weibo.com/qmul
  29. Robert Gordon University [@罗伯特戈顿大学] weibo.com/RobertGordonuni
  30. Sheffield Hallam University 谢菲尔德哈勒姆大学 weibo.com/shuuk
  31. SOAS, University of London [@SOAS_University_of_London] weibo.com/SOASLondon
  32. St Maryʼs University, London [@英国伦敦圣玛丽大学] weibo.com/stmaryslondon
  33. Swansea University [@斯旺西大学] weibo.com/swanseauni
  34. Teesside University [@英国-提赛德大学] weibo.com/teessideuniversity
  35. University of Bedfordshire [@英国贝德福特大学] weibo.com/bedschina
  36. University of Bradford [@英国布拉德福德大学] weibo.com/universityofbradford
  37. University of Bristol 布里斯托大学 weibo.com/bristol
  38. University of Derby 德比大学 weibo.com/derbychina
  39. University of East London [英国东伦敦大学UEL] weibo.com/uelchina
  40. University of Essex 埃塞克斯大学官方微博 weibo.com/universityofessex
  41. University of Exeter [@埃克塞特大学官博] weibo.com/exeteruni
  42. University of Glasgow [@英国_格拉斯哥大学] weibo.com/glasgowuniversity
  43. University of Hertfordshire [@英国赫特福德大学] weibo.com/uniofherts
  44. University of Huddersfield [@哈德斯菲尔德大学] weibo.com/hudchina
  45. University of Leicester 英国莱斯特大学 weibo.com/leicesteruniversity
  46. University of Lincoln [@英国林肯大学ISC] weibo.com/lincolnisc
  47. University of Liverpool [@英国利物浦大学] weibo.com/liverpooluniversity
  48. University of Manchester [@曼彻斯特大学官方] weibo.com/uomofficial
  49. University of Manchester Business School 英国曼彻斯特商学院 weibo.com/mbschinacentre
  50. University of Northampton [@英国北安普顿大学] weibo.com/northampton
  51. University of Nottingham [@英国诺丁汉大学官方微博] weibo.com/uoneao
  52. University of Oxford [@牛津大学] weibo.com/OxfordUni
  53. University of Reading [@英国-雷丁大学] weibo.com/readingchina
  54. University of Salford [@英国索尔福德大学] weibo.com/salforduniversity
  55. University of Sheffield [@谢菲尔德大学官方微博] weibo.com/sheffielduni
  56. University of Sunderland 桑德兰大学 weibo.com/sunderlandchina
  57. University of Surrey [@UniversityOfSurrey萨里大学] weibo.com/UniOfSurrey
  58. University of Sussex [@英国萨塞克斯大学] weibo.com/sussexchina
  59. University of Wales, Newport 威尔士新港大学 weibo.com/newport
  60. University of West England [@英国西英格兰大学UWE] weibo.com/uwechina
  61. University of West London [@英国西伦敦大学UWL] weibo.com/westlondonuniversity .
  62. University of Westminster 威斯敏斯特大学 weibo.com/westminsterchina
  63. University of Worcester [@英国伍斯特大学] weibo.com/uniofworcesteruk
  64. York St John University [@约克圣约翰大学] weibo.com/yorksju

Tuesday, 2 August 2011

Loughborough in Europe

The following photos were taken in various parts of Europe, mainly Southern Europe. The person featured in the photos is 余意 (Yúyì). She is wearing one of the internationalized Loughborough Market T-shirts. The text printed on the T-shirt is 拉夫堡市场 which is Chinese for Loughborough Market.

A very big thank you to 余意 for having these photos taken whilst on holiday in Europe and for giving me permission to put them on my blog.

① 余意 in Athens, Greece.
② 余意 in Santorini, Greece.
③ 余意 in Venice, Italy.
④ 余意 in Zurich, Switzerland

Sunday, 31 July 2011

IDN Whitelisting

When browsing using IDNs (Internationalized Domain Names) it is important that the Unicode form is displayed in the browser address bar and not the Punycode form. Only the Unicode form is human readable. Well it is if you know the language the IDN is written in. Lets take the Korean web address 송파구청.한국 by way of example.
  • 송파구청.한국 is the Unicode form
  • xn--2e0b569ap6hmmg.xn--3e0b707e is the Punycode form
You can convert between Unicode and Punycode forms using Verisign's online IDN Conversion Tool.

Unfortunately browsers do not always display the Unicode form but instead display the Punycode form in the address bar. Personally I consider that all browsers should always display the Unicode form. By displaying the Punycode form the browsers are impeding internationalization of the internet. The reason they give for displaying the Punycode form is for "Security". I am not convinced it is necessary because Registries take their own security measures to ensure registration of legitimate IDNs.

Ensuring display of  the Unicode form of IDNs is achieved by whitelisting. Different browsers have different whitelisting strategies and different methods for whitelisting.  My setup is MacOSX 10.6.8 using the English OSX and English versions of the browsers.

Firefox (v5.0.1)


Firefox whitelists by TLD (Top Level Domain). If a TLD is whitelisted the Unicode form will be displayed in the address bar☺. If a TLD is not whitelisted the Punycode form will be displayed in the address bar☹. There are many TLDs that are not whitelisted by default in Firefox.

One can view which TLDs are whitelisted in firefox:
  • Open a Firefox window & type about:config in the address bar
  • Click the I'll be careful, I promise button
  • Type network.IDN.whitelist into the filter box
You will now see a list of whitelisted TLDs. They are of the form network.IDN.whitelist.TLD. Note that some TLDs begin xn--. These are the Punycode forms of IDN TLDs.

Lets take the Korean IDN 송파구청.한국 as an example. 한국 means Korea and is a recently introduced IDN TLD and as such is not whitelisted by default. It is the Punycode and not the Unicode form that needs to be whitelisted in Firefox. The Punycode form of 한국 is xn--3e0b707e. Assuming you are still in the Firefox config window then in order to whitelist 한국:
  • right click mouse
  • select New  ▶  Boolean
  • Enter the preference name network.IDN.whitelist.xn--3e0b707e
  • set Boolean value to true and OK
Korean IDNs with the TLD 한국 will now display in Unicode form ie in Korean as one would naturally expect.

Google Chrome (v12.0.742.122)


Chrome will display the Unicode form for, as Google puts it, "those languages that the user claims to understand" otherwise the Punycode form will be displayed. As usual, for display, Unicode good Punycode bad.

I will again use 송파구청.한국 to illustrate. If you have a basic unconfigured English version of Chrome then, in the address bar, you will see xn--9d0br8l80kv9k92a984a.xn--3e0b707e displayed instead of 송파구청.한국 So we need to configure Chrome to display the Unicode form for Korean IDNs:
  • go to Chrome Preferences
  • click Under the Hood
  • click Languages and Spell-checker Settings...
  • in the Languages column click Add
  • select Korean - 한국어 and OK that
Korean IDNs will now display correctly. Repeat for all other languages for which you want correct display of IDNs. For more detailed information see the IDN in Google Chrome article.


Safari (v5.1)


Safari whitelists IDNs by Script (as in the script used to write a language). Any IDN that is written in a whitelisted Script will be displayed in the address bar in Unicode form☺. Any IDN that is written in a Script that is not whitelisted will be displayed in Punycode form☹.

The whitelisted Scripts are in a text file entitled IDNScriptWhiteList.txt The pathname to this file is:
  • /System/Library/Frameworks/WebKit.framework/Versions/Current/Resources
The default whitelisted Scripts are: Arabic, Armenian, Bopomofo, Canadian_Aboriginal, Devanagari, Deseret, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Hangul, Han, Hebrew, Hiragana, Katakana_Or_Hiragana, Katakana, Latin, Tamil, Thai, Yi

If you want to whitelist other Scripts, such as, Cyrillic or Greek then you need to add the Script names to this file. You will require root privileges to edit this file.

Of all the browser whitelisting methods I have looked at I consider this the most rational but also, for the average user, the most difficult to configure. Apple should implement a simple user accessible method for whitelisting Scripts.

Monday, 25 July 2011

Loughborough Market T-shirts

On Saturday 23rd July Gordon Gekko, Jonny (刘家杰) and myself gave free T-shirts to Loughborough Market Stallholders. These T-shirts have Loughborough Market printed on them, not in English but in Chinese or Japanese. This endeavour is part of an initiative to internationalise Loughborough and make the World aware of Loughborough.

In the photo below Gordon Gekko, who is on the left, is wearing the Chinese T-shirt and Jonny is wearing the Japanese T-shirt. The text printed on the T-shirts is:

  • 拉夫堡市场 which is Simplified Chinese for Loughborough Market
  • ラフバラ市場 which is Japanese for Loughborough Market
Loughborough Market is on Thursdays and Saturdays so if you visit the market on a warm sunny day you may well see stallholders wearing these T-shirts.


Note: It may interest you to know that Gordon has the adopted Chinese name 恺心 (Kǎixīn).

Thursday, 21 July 2011

Promoting Loughborough Internationally

Those of you that use Twitter will be familiar with the concept and use of hashtags. Recently Twitter implemented internationalized hashtags. Specifically, they introduced hashtags for Chinese, Japanese, Hangeul (Korean) and Cyrillic scripts. This presents a golden opportunity for Loughborough Twitterers to raise the international profile of Loughborough. Or to put it another way: Make the World aware of Loughborough.

All you need to do is put internationalised versions of #loughborough in your tweets. The more tweets that contain internationalised hashtags the more Loughborough will be noticed. If you would like to take part in this initiative then just copy one or more of the following hashtags and paste into your tweets.

  • #拉夫堡
  • #ラフバラ
  • #러프버러
  • #Лафборо
where
  • 拉夫堡 is Chinese for Loughborough
  • ラフバラ is Japanese for Loughborough
  • 러프버러 is Korean for Loughborough
  • Лафборо is Russian for Loughborough
By way of example, here is a link to one of my tweets in which I have used the Japanese #ラフバラ hashtag:

Sunday, 17 July 2011

Twitter Hashtags

One can now use Unicode hashtags in twitter. This means that hashtags are no longer restricted to ASCII characters. One can now, for instance, have hashtags written in the Chinese or Japanese. The hashtag #loughborough can be written in Chinese as #拉夫堡 and in Japanese as #ラフバラ . Unicode hashtags have been operational since 13th July 2011. The original announcement is on the Twitter Japan Blog at blog.jp.twitter.com/2011/07/blog-post.html. There is also an announcement of the new hangeul (한글) hashtags (해시태그/해쉬태그) on Twitter's Korea Blog at blog.kr.twitter.com/2011/07/blog-post.html

I gather from the announcement that the currently supported Scripts for hashtags are Chinese, Japanese, Hangeul and Cyrillic. Therefore the supported Scripts are a small subset of the Scripts available in the Unicode Character Set. I tested out some Scripts in hashtags and my results are:

  1. Chinese ✓
  2. Japanese ✓
  3. Hangeul ✓
  4. Cyrillic ✓
  5. Thai ✗
  6. Arabic ✗
  7. Hebrew ✗
  8. Devanagari ✗
  9. Tamil ✗
The announcement states that symbols are not allowed in hashtags. I tested #→ #① #∛ #≤ #△ #☃ #◲ #✈ #❄ #☺and none work as hashtags.

An example tweet using Japanese hashtags is at http://twitter.com/#!/andreschappo/...

I had written a previous article which covered some of the Twitter i18n issues http://schappo.blogspot.com/2011/... The implementation of Unicode hashtags is a significant i18n step forward. It will be interesting to see how this new feature develops amongst Japanese language tweeters. I have already noticed that there are some long Japanese hashtags. As I write this blog I notice that currently there are two Japanese hashtag Trending Topics in Japan:

  • #名言の文末を過去形にすると深みが増す
  • #文頭に週刊をつけるとディアゴスティーニ風になる

Japanese does not use the space character between words and so it is easy and natural to create long Japanese hashtags. It could be the length of a complete tweet by simply having # as the first character.

Monday, 4 July 2011

China's SNS

I have frequently advocated the use of China's SNS in order to have a presence in China. I have had a Sina Microblog 新浪微博 for several weeks weibo.com/andreschappo. Sina's Microblog is a closed system so you will need to register an account in order to view my microblog. The exception is that with Verified Users one can view the first few postings without an account. My account is not verified.

On Saturday, with the help of 刘家杰, I created a Sina Blog 新浪博客 blog.sina.com.cn/andreschappo. Unlike Sina Microblog, Sina Blog is an open system and so you can view my blog without registering an account.

Wednesday, 22 June 2011

Yandex Maps

I recently discovered that Russia's Yandex has a Map Service. It is fascinating to see place names transliterated into Russian. Here is a Yandex map featuring Loughborough maps.yandex.ru/-/CBQwVVLu Yandex have transliterated Loughborough as Лафборо

Even more interesting is to see China's place names transliterated into Russian. Here is a Yandex Map featuring Běijīng maps.yandex.ru/-/CBQ1MQlc Yandex has used the alternate name Pekin(g) which has been transliterated as Пекин.

Saturday, 11 June 2011

Twitter i18n

There are a number of internationalization (i18n) issues with Twitter. I use Twitter directly from a browser. If you use a Twitter client then your experiences could differ from mine. A client could, for instance, reconstruct Unicode Domain Names from a Punycode form. I deliberately use twitter from a browser so that I can determine what is happening at base level. Additionally I do not use any twitter related browser extensions. So now to the i18n twitter issues that I have so far encountered.

hashtags

If I use an ASCII hashtag then it works as expected. If though I use non ASCII Unicode characters then twitter does not recognize it as a hashtag. eg #loughborough works but #ラフバラ does not.

Sina's Microblog 新浪微博, unlike twitter, does have Unicode hashtags. Twitter uses a single # character as a prefix to the text. 新浪微博 uses a pair of # characters to bracket the text. By way of example, #ラフバラ# is a valid Unicode hashtag which I have used on my 新浪微博 weibo.com/andreschappo

ラフバラ is loughborough written in Japanese Katakana.

IDNs

Several countries now have functioning idn ccTLDs. A recently live ccTLD is Korea's dot 한국. Lets take the new IDN for Songpa District Office, Seoul, Korea. Their IDN should show on twitter as a live clickable link ie 송파구청.한국. Twitter, though, does not process it as a valid web address and so it just shows as plain text on twitter ie http://송파구청.한국/

If, though, I use an IDN with an ASCII TLD then twitter recognizes it as a valid web address and displays it as a live clickable link. See twitter.com/andreschappo/...

Auto Shortening

Twitter are rolling out an automatic link shortening service. Link shortening (currently) kicks in at 11 characters. The character count includes the http:// prefix. http://t.co is exactly 11 characters and one cannot have a shorter link. Therefore all tweet links will be shortened. Some time since yesterday I have been rolled in and so now my links are auto shortened by twitter. Not a problem for ASCII links but a new problem arises with IDN links. The punycode form is displayed in the tweet instead of the unicode form. See twitter.com/andreschappo/...

Instead of displaying xn--2e0b569ap6hmmg.kr twitter should display the unicode form 송파구청.kr. The underlying href link, as created by twitter, is http://t.co/tzlxTh4

URLs

Lets now add a pathname part to a Domain Name. Add an ASCII pathname part and all is fine. Take an ASCII Domain Name and add a non ASCII Unicode pathname and twitter fails to recognize the full URL.

In a tweet I want http://ta.gd/러프버러 to appear as ta.gd/러프버러 Instead it appears as ta.gd러프버러 The ASCII Domain Name is processed as a link but the Unicode pathname part is not being treated as part of the URL and is just displayed as plain text. One ends up with an incomplete URL.

Wednesday, 8 June 2011

Chinese Companies 4

Following on from my previous posts Chinese Companies, Chinese Companies 2 and Chinese Companies 3 I will now try for another 100+ Chinese IDNs. As usual there are some types of IDNs I do not list in my blog and these types are:
  • Any IDN that redirects to an ASCII Domain Name
  • Any IDN that is implemented as a Frame Redirect
  • Any IDN that requires the www prefix as I want IDNs that are completely Chinese
These restrictions I impose means that the IDNs I do list are fully integrated into the IDN's website.
  1. Àonīdìsī Home Furniture Manufactory 佛山市南海区奥妮帝斯科技睡眠家具用品厂 奥妮帝斯.中国
  2. Běijīng Fānglüè Law Firm 北京方略律师事务所 北京市方略律师事务所.中国 + 方略律师.中国
  3. Běijīng Liánfēng Law Firm 北京廉峰律师事务所 劳动律师网.中国
  4. Chángchūn Guóxing Credit Guarantee and Investment 长春国兴信用担保投资有限公司 国兴担保.中国
  5. Chéngdū Website Development 新网创想-成都网站建设网络公司 成都网站制作.中国
  6. Chéngdū Western Digital Technology 成都西维数码科技有限公司 西部数码.中国
  7. Chéngdū Yúnhèzhāi Art Studio 成都云鹤斋艺术工作室 云鹤斋.中国
  8. Chénguāng Hotel 邢台辰光大酒店有限公司 辰光大酒店.中国
  9. Chinese Ancient Classics Net 中华古籍网.中国
  10. COFCO Coca-Cola Beverages 中粮可口可乐饮料有限公司 中粮可口可乐.中国
  11. Dàlián Painting and Calligraphy Art Center 大连市中世书画艺术交流中心 中国书画艺术.中国
  12. Dōngguǎn Hǔmén Childrens' Clothing 东莞市虎门格仔童装店 格仔童话.中国
  13. Eagle Shoe Eyelet 常州市雄鹰鞋眼有限公司 雄鹰鞋眼.中国
  14. Easton Pharmaceutical 成都苑东药业有限公司 苑东药业.中国
  15. Everyone Group Buying 珠海市晋丰商贸发展有限公司 人人团购.中国
  16. Fèngxián Building Materials Market 上海奉贤建材市场经营管理有限公司 上海家具材料网.中国
  17. Fóshān Vazbo Paint 佛山市威兹伯涂料有限公司 威兹伯.中国
  18. Fújiàn Sānmíng Food Additives 福建三铭食品添加剂有限公司 三铭明胶.中国
  19. Fújiàn Yánlóng Computer Technology 福建炎龙计算机科技有限公司 炎龙.中国
  20. Fúzhōu Yánfú Olive (Food) 福州延福橄榄(食品)有限公司 延福食品.中国
  21. Guǎngdōng Zhūhǎi Dǒumén Furniture Store 珠海市斗门粤港家私商场 粤港家私城.中国
  22. Guǎngzhōu Háo Dǐng Building Materials 广州市豪顶建筑材料有限公司 豪顶建材.中国
  23. Guǎngzhōu Power Shield Security Technology 广州市力盾防伪科技有限公司 广州防伪.中国
  24. Hǎinán Airlines Airport Group 海航机场集团有限公司 海航机场集团.中国
  25. Hànbāng Flooring 湖南华港建筑装饰材料有限公司 汉邦地板.中国
  26. Hang Yu Feng Qīnghǎi Mining 青海中航玉丰矿业有限公司 中航玉丰.中国
  27. Hángzhōu Fēiméng Clothes 杭州非梦服饰有限公司 非梦.中国
  28. Health and Happiness 华夏健康快乐文化传媒(北京 ) 有限公司 华夏健康快乐网.中国 + 健康快乐网.中国 + 健康快乐.中国 + 快快乐乐.中国 + 健健康康.中国
  29. Hénán Art Center 河南艺术中心 河南艺术中心.中国
  30. Huashì Vehicle Seat 江阴市华士汽车座椅有限公司 华士座椅.中国 + 华申医疗.中国
  31. Huìyǔ Calligraphy 惠宇书法.中国
  32. Húnán Chéngtóushān Tourism Development 湖南城头山旅游开发有限公司 城头山.中国
  33. Húnán Nóngyǒu Machinery Group Heavy Industry 湖南省农友机械集团重工有限公司 湘农友.中国
  34. Inner Mongolia Yīlì Industrial Group 内蒙古伊利实业集团股份有限公司 伊利.中国
  35. IRIS Systems 爱瑞思软件(深圳)有限公司 科研在线.中国
  36. Isisvins - Shànghǎi Yīsīnuò Wines 上海伊思诺酒业有限公司 伊思诺.中国
  37. Jiāngsū East China Air Separation Equipment 江苏华东空分设备制造有限公司 江苏华东.中国
  38. Jiāngsū Sàidé Electric 江苏赛德电气有限公司 赛德电缆.中国
  39. Jiāngxī Furniture 江西省现代装潢家具公司 家具装潢.中国
  40. Jiāngxī Jūnzǐgǔ Wild Fruits 江西君子谷野生水果世界有限公司 君子谷.中国
  41. Jiāngxī Shànggāo Xīnxīng Electrical Appliance 江西省上高县新兴电器有限公司 保健仪.中国 + 中国保健仪.中国
  42. Jiāngyīn Great Wall Machinery 江阴市长城机械有限公司 食品泵.中国
  43. Jílín Huīnán Fúyuán Foods 吉林省辉南县福源食品有限公司 中国野山参.中国
  44. Jǐ'nán Pressure Vessel Factory 济南市压力容器厂 济容.中国
  45. Jūnyè Fire Proof Heat Preservation Material 唐山君业耐火保温材料有限公司 直埋管.中国 + 唐山保温.中国
  46. King's Along Bakery 石狮市金龙船食品有限责任公司 金龙船.中国
  47. Kūnmíng Stone Age Technology 昆明石器时代科技有限公司 服务.中国
  48. Leegee (Běijīng) Systems Technology 力景(北京)系统技术有限公司 力景.中国
  49. Lìlián Industry 利联实业发展(深圳)有限公司 利联.中国
  50. Lóngkǒu Jiāyù Plastics 龙口市佳裕塑料有限公司 佳裕.中国
  51. LSTL International Trade 丽水同亮国际贸易有限公司 康炭郎竹炭.中国
  52. Luòyáng China Petroleum Nondestructive Testing Engineering 洛阳中油检测工程有限公司 中油检测.中国 + 洛阳中油检测工程有限公司.中国
  53. Maydooer 美度佰臣商城 车载生活.中国 + 车载生活用品.中国
  54. Nánjīng Hóngnéng Electric Motors 南京弘能电气传动有限公司 弘能.中国
  55. Oaks Solar Energy 浙江省嘉兴市澳克斯电器有限公司 澳克斯太阳能.中国
  56. Qínhuángdǎo Real Estate 秦皇岛市旭海万嘉房地产开发有限公司 秦皇岛房地产.中国
  57. Qíqíhā'ěr Kūnhéng Wood Group 齐齐哈尔市坤衡木业集团有限公司 坤衡木业.中国
  58. Red Lane Art City 红巷艺术城.中国
  59. Shāndōng Àibāng Food Machinery 山东爱帮厨食品机械有限公司 爱帮厨.中国
  60. Shāndōng Díshēng Electric 山东迪生电气股份有限公司 迪生电气.中国
  61. Shāndōng Rìzhào Water Treatment Equipment 山东日照漉泉水处理设备有限公司 漉泉.中国
  62. Shànghǎi Kēzé Information Technology 上海科择信息科技有限公司 浦东数据中心.中国
  63. Shànghǎi Kussun Electric 上海开胜电气有限公司 高压真空负荷开关.中国 + 高压真空断路器.中国 + 高压断路器.中国 + 高压接触器.中国 + 真空负荷开关.中国 + 真空灭弧室.中国
  64. Shànghǎi Safe Automation 上海希弗自动化有限公司 希弗.中国 + 安全自动化.中国
  65. Shànghǎi Superior Chemicals 上海超强化工有限公司 上海超强化工.中国
  66. Shàntóu Chūnbǎo Cosmetics 汕头市春宝化妆品实业有限公司 春宝.中国
  67. Shěnyáng Xiàsuǒ Speakers 沈阳夏索音响有限公司 音响专卖.中国
  68. Shēnzhèn Jīnshíjù Technology 深圳市金时聚科技有限公司 电子工票.中国
  69. Shēnzhèn Sanpo Instrument 深圳市欣宝瑞仪器有限公司 欣宝瑞.中国 + 欣宝科仪.中国
  70. Shēnzhèn Shānxià Hospital 深圳山厦医院 山厦医院.中国 + 肺结核治疗.中国
  71. Shēnzhèn Speed Technology 深圳市速拓科技有限公司 一览通.中国 + 速拓.中国
  72. Shēnzhèn Towei Electronic 深圳市拓伟电器有限公司 拓伟.中国
  73. Shēnzhèn Wànhuò E-Commerce 深圳市时代万货电子商务有限公司 万货.中国
  74. SIDO时道 海宁时道太阳能科技有限公司 时道.中国
  75. South Memory Restaurant 望湘园(上海)餐饮管理有限公司 望湘园.中国
  76. Southern Electronics 新宁县南方电子有限责任公司 中国南方电子.中国
  77. Space Breeding 航天育种网 航天育种.中国 + 民用航天.中国
  78. Sūzhōu Elegant Bathrooms 苏州雅洁卫浴有限公司 雅洁卫浴.中国
  79. Sūzhōu Funway Plastic 苏州丰汇塑业有限公司 真空热成型.中国 + 热成型.中国 + 塑料热成型.中国
  80. Tiānjīn Huádá Garment 天津华达服装有限公司 华达服装.中国
  81. Tiānjīn Yīqīng Group (Holding) 天津市一轻集团(控股)有限公司 天津一轻.中国
  82. Tomb Raider 古墓丽影收藏网 古墓丽影.中国
  83. Tonda Information Technology 通达恒远(北京)信息技术有限公司 论文检测.中国
  84. TPI Lubricants 烟台德高石油有限公司 德高石油.中国
  85. Wall Street English 英国培生集团旗下子公司 华尔街英语.中国
  86. Wǔhàn Huáfēng Garage 武汉华丰汽车修理有限公司 华丰汽修.中国
  87. Wǔhàn Sīchuāng Electronics 武汉思创电子有限公司 武汉思创.中国
  88. Wǔhàn Xiéruì Electronics 武汉市勰睿电子科技有限公司 勰睿.中国
  89. Wúxī Pneumatech Air/Gas Purity Equipment 无锡纽曼泰克气源净化设备有限公司 纽曼泰克.中国
  90. Xī'ān Tamefire 西安特菲尔电子有限公司 特菲尔.中国
  91. Xiàmén Shǎngwán World Culture 厦门赏玩天下文化发展有限公司 赏玩天下.中国
  92. Yāntái Shènglìdá Engineering 烟台盛利达工程技术有限公司 盛利达公司.中国
  93. Yīnghuā Electrical Appliances 樱花电器有限公司 樱花吊顶.中国
  94. Yíngjiā Metal Products 浙江省台州市黄岩盈佳金属制品厂 货车配件.中国 + 盈佳金属.中国
  95. Zhèjiāng Guǎngchéng Law Firm 浙江广诚律师事务所 广诚律师.中国
  96. Zhèngzhōu Prodigy Amusement Equipment 郑州市神童游乐设备有限公司 乐度.中国
  97. Zhènjiāng Nánmén Primary School 镇江市南门小学.中国
  98. Zhōnghuá Book Company 中华书局.中国
  99. Zhongtiān Securities 中天证券有限责任公司 中天证券.中国 + 中天证券股份有限公司.中国 + 中天证券有限责任公司.中国
  100. Zhōngyāng Street, Hā'ěrbīn, Hēilóngjiāng 中央大街.中国 + 中央大街.中國